Learning Styles Theory
Learning style is an individual's natural or habitual pattern of acquiring and processing information in learning situations. A core concept is that individuals differ in how they learn. There are currently several different Learning Style theories. Two of the most commonly used theories are Neil Fleming's VARK model, and Howard Gardner's Multiple Instelligence model. Understanding your Learning Style can help you find unique ways to study and retain information.
Howard Gardner's Multiple Intelligence Model
In his Theory of Multiple Intelligences, Gardner expanded the concept of intelligence to also include such areas as music, spacial relations, and interpersonal knowledge in addition to mathematical and linguistic ability.
Logical Intelligence (Mathematical) - consists of the ability to detect patterns, reason deductively and think logically. This intelligence is most often associated with scientific and mathematical thinking.
Linguistic Intelligence (Verbal) - involves having a mastery of language. This intelligence includes the ability to effectively manipulate language to express oneself rhetorically or poetically. It also allows one to use language as a means to remember information.
Spatial Intelligence (Visual) - gives one the ability to manipulate and create mental images in order to solve problems.
Aural Intelligence (Auditory/Musical) - encompasses the capability to recognize and compose musical pitches, tones, and rhythms.
Kinesthetic Intelligence (Physical) - is the ability to use one's mental abilities to coordinate one's own bodily movements.
Interpersonal intelligence (Social) - the ability to understand and discern the feelings and intentions of others.
Intrapersonal intelligence (Solitary) - the ability to understand one's own feelings and motivations.
Neil Fleming's VARK Model
VARK is an acronym that refers to the four types of learning styles: Visual, Auditory, Reading/Writing Preference, and Kinesthetic. (The VARK model is also referred to as the VAK model, eliminating Reading/Writing as a category of preferential learning.) The VARK model acknowledges that students have different approaches to how they process information, referred to as “preferred learning modes.”