What is Time Management?
Time Management is the planning and allocation of time to daily activities based on importance and urgency. Time management allows you to effectively and efficiently complete activities and tasks such as homework, studying, etc. Time management can help feel more in control of your life and decrease stress and procrastination.
How to Create Your Weekly Schedule
Feeling like you have too much to do and not enough time to do it?
Take control of your time by creating a weekly schedule to manage your time more effectively and efficiently. Follow the three simple steps listed below to create a weekly schedule.
Step 1: Track Your Time
- Write down what you are doing and how long you spend complete each task
- Knowing where you spend your time allows you to see a realistic, big picture
Step 2: Identify Your Priorities
- List all important, weekly committments
- Prioritize each committment based on your values, goals, and its impact on your success
Step 3: Create Your Schedule
- Utilize your planner, calendar, or the "Weekly Schedule Planner" document below to create your schedule
- List all class times, work hours, travel time, and any other regular committments in the appropriate day/hour period
- Schedule study time before (5-30 min) and after class (50-60 min) to preview and review lecture content
- Schedule study time on the weekends to review course content and prepare for exams
- Schedule free time throughout the week and on the weekends for personal commitments, relaxation, and to reward yourself
20 Quick Tips for Better Time Management
The following YouTube video describes 20 quick tips for more effective time management.
Time Management Strategies to End Procrastination
Top 10 Tips for Time Management:
1) Create a weekly schedule
- Map out your time by listing all classes, work hours, and regularly occurring committments (exercise, meals, etc.)
- Make a plan to complete coursework and study course content on a daily and weekly basis
- See "How to Create a Weekly Schedule" for step-by-step instructions
2) Use a planner and/or calendar
- Write down all deadlines and due dates
- Set your own deadlines to complete assignments, studying, etc. in advance
- Use your course syllabi to find deadline and due dates
3) Create daily and weekly to-do lists
- List all important and urgent tasks to be completed for the day and/or week
- Rank tasks based on priority with the most important and most urgent first
- Cross off tasks as you complete them
- Keep track of time spent on each task to plan for the same or similar task in future
4) Attend all courses
- Most effective way to spend your time
- Takes 3x longer to learn course content on your own
- Hard to make sense of someone else's lecture notes
5) Find the best time to study
- Ask yourself: "When are you most alert and focused?"
- Plan to study at a time when you can meaningfully engage with course content
- Do not feel obilgated to study when friends and classmates do
6) Schedule personal and relaxation time
- Important to balance school, work, and personal time to avoid getting "burnt out"
- Must be healthy, emotionally & physically, to do your best
- Schedule time to relax, visit with loved ones, or do something fun!
7) Breakdown large projects and assignments
- Break up large, length assignments into smaller, more manageable parts
- Set personal deadlines for completing each small part(s) of the project/assignment
- Plan to complete the project/assignment in advance in case something unexpected occurs
8) Stay Flexible
- Use your weekly schedule, planner/calendar, and to-do lists as a "guide" to stay on track
- Re-evaluate and adjust your schedule throughout the week as necessary
- Utilize personal time to catch-up or re-prioritize tasks to complete in the time available
9) Avoid procrastination
- Determine why you are putting off completing necessary tasks (low motivation, perfectionism, overwhelmed?)
- Set small goals to accomplish and reward yourself for doing so
- Minimize distractions: turn off electronics, find a quiet study space, etc.
10) Reward yourself!
- Stay movitated by establishing small rewards for completing tasks and/or staying on track
- Only reward yourself after you have completed what you intended to
- For example: watch one episode of your favorite show or go to dinner with friends AFTER studying one chapter of lecture note/course content