What are In-Text Citations?
In MLA Format, in-text citations, also known as parenthetical citations, are used to refer to works by adding relevant information about that source in parentheses after a quote, paraphrase or summary.
Why are In-Text Citations used?
In-text citations are a marker to the reader as to where the information preceding can be found. Since a basic source, such as a book, does not list the page numbers in the whole citation on the Works Cited page, the in-text citation tells the reader in which page the information can be found.
In-text citations are necessary in MLA formatting to let the reader know where cited information can be found and to give credit for who "owns" that idea.
What do In-Text Citations look like?
(Author’s Last Name Page Numbers). Example: (Poe 37-39).
(Author’s Last Name Page Numbers). Example: (Mayfair 44).
Articles with Unknown Author
("Beginning of Article Title"). Example: ("Global Warming").
(Author’s Last Name). Example: (Potter).
Websites with Unknown Author
("Beginning of Website Title"). Example: ("The Film Industry in Jeopardy").