This is the "In-Text Citations" page of the "MLA Style" guide.
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MLA Style  

Last Updated: Mar 1, 2017 URL: Print Guide RSS Updates

In-Text Citations Print Page

What are In-Text Citations?

In MLA Format, in-text citations, also known as parenthetical citations, are used to refer to works by adding relevant information about that source in parentheses after a quote, paraphrase or summary.


    Why are In-Text Citations used?

    In-text citations are a marker to the reader as to where the information preceding can be found.  Since a basic source, such as a book, does not list the page numbers in the whole citation on the Works Cited page, the in-text citation tells the reader in which page the information can be found.

    In-text citations are necessary in MLA formatting to let the reader know where cited information can be found and to give credit for who "owns" that idea.


      What do In-Text Citations look like?


      (Author’s Last Name Page Numbers). Example: (Poe 37-39).


      (Author’s Last Name Page Numbers). Example: (Mayfair 44).

      Articles with Unknown Author

      ("Beginning of Article Title"). Example: ("Global Warming").


      (Author’s Last Name). Example: (Potter).

      Websites with Unknown Author

      ("Beginning of Website Title"). Example: ("The Film Industry in Jeopardy").


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